The diet for pancreatitis on its own begins on the earliest 4 days (before it is completely starved).
According to the generally accepted classification of diets used in hospitals, the Penza diet is the proper diet for pancreatitis. The food should be taken in small portions, 5-6 times a day, except for snacks between main meals.
The essence of the diet is to reject any food that increases the production of acid in the stomach and provokes the active work of pancreatic enzymes. After the disease gets worse, doctors strongly recommend that you follow a diet for a long time, at least 8 months.
An adequate daily diet for pancreatitis is important to prevent or at least reduce the severity of pain attacks.
- In the event of an acute inflammation of the pancreas or an exacerbation of a chronic form, all food should be mashed, cooked or steamed to ensure maximum gastric sparing.
- It is better to steam food - this way it retains nutrients and does not harm the body. The food should be taken in small portions, about 5-6 times a day.
- Overeating is not allowed, because it causes not only an increased load on the pancreas, but also the entire digestive system.
- Do not eat cold or hot food, the food should be warm. The optimum temperature is 20-50 degrees.
Pancreatitis diets should be nutritious, with increased amounts of protein but reduced amounts of fat and carbohydrates (especially sugar) to prevent the liver from progressing to fatty hepatitis and developing diabetes mellitus.
You should be excluded from your diet or even given up forever:
- sour juices;
- smoked meats;
- spices and condiments.
Make sure your diet is varied and includes plant foods and animal proteins.
Recommended meals and meals
You should pay attention to such products:
- Non-acid curd, hard cheeses.
- Vegetarian cereal and vegetable soups, mashed with potatoes, zucchini, pumpkin, carrots, pasta, wheat groats, buckwheat, oatmeal. Add 5 g of butter or 10 g of sour cream to the soup.
- Stewed, roasted lean meat and poultry, meatballs, meatballs and casserole meat.
- Unsweetened baked apples, jelly or fruit compote.
- Dried white bread or croutons, dry biscuits.
- Cooked porridge (buckwheat, oatmeal, semolina, rice) or mashed, cooked in water or milk, boiled pasta.
- Lightly brewed tea with milk or rosehip in broth, lightly sweetened.
It is also important not to eat too much, reducing the daily amount of food to 2. 5 kilograms, taking into account the amount of fluid consumed. Food is consumed frequently and in small portions. Adherence to dietary rules for pancreatitis can significantly increase the overall effectiveness of therapy.
Nutrition for exacerbation of inflammation of the pancreas
As the chronic form of pancreatitis worsens, the first 1-2 days - on a hungry diet, the patient can drink only 1-2 glasses of rosehip broth and 0. 8-1 liters of alkaline mineral water such as Borjomi (1 cup 4). -5 times a day). In total, the liquid is added to 200 ml 6 times a day. In severe cases, do not drink, food is instilled only intravenously.
Two days later, a special diet for pancreatitis will be introduced next week - the 5p diet, which includes a number of options. It aims to reduce the production of stomach acid and allow the pancreas to focus all its strength on fighting for survival.
Sample diet for a week with pancreatitis
To make it not so difficult to get used to a new diet, we have put together an approximate menu for you for a week with pancreatitis.
- Breakfast. Stewed meat (chicken or beef). Tea or rosehip broth.
- Lunch. Oatmeal with milk. Broth or infusion of rosehips.
- Dinner. Carrot and pumpkin puree soup. Steamed fish. Tea.
- Snack. 1 bottle of baby food.
- Dinner. Roasted zucchini and carrots. A piece of boiled chicken. Dried fruit compote.
- Night. A glass of kefir
- Breakfast. Stewed meatballs or scrambled eggs with two egg whites. You can also have breakfast with cottage cheese pudding or cooked fish.
- Lunch. Homemade cottage cheese - 150 grams. Mug of milk tea
- Dinner. Vegetarian mashed potato soup with a little sour cream. Stewed meatballs.
- Snack. Protein omelette with 2 eggs or 30 grams of cheese. A glass of rosehip soup.
- Dinner. Meatballs stuffed with an omelette, consisting of 100 g of meat and 10 g of bread; steamed meatballs; boiled chicken - about 80-90 grams. Mug of milk tea
- Night. Low-fat, sugar-free cottage cheese - 100 grams. A glass of fruit jelly.
- Breakfast: biscuits with cheese.
- Second breakfast: steamed omelette, bread and tea.
- Lunch: buckwheat porridge, boiled zucchini, cottage cheese.
- Afternoon snack: grated apples.
- Dinner: oatmeal, beetroot salad, baked apples.
- Breakfast: boiled beef, oatmeal in milk, tea.
- Second breakfast: scrambled eggs, baked apple, rosehip soup.
- Lunch: vegetable soup, beef souffle, pasta, sweet berry jelly, compote.
- Afternoon snack: cottage cheese and tea.
- Dinner: fish soup, tea.
- Breakfast: 200 g of oatmeal, a slice of white bread, non-carbonated mineral water.
- Second breakfast: 100 g cottage cheese pudding, 100 g apple sauce, tea.
- Lunch: 400 ml vegetable puree soup, 200 g pumpkin porridge, 200 g cottage cheese.
- Dinner: 100 g of meatballs, 100 g of cottage cheese casserole, 200 ml of jelly.
- Breakfast. Mashed potatoes (200 g) with meatballs (105 g), grated milk rice porridge (200 g), tea.
- Lunch. Cottage cheese (100 g).
- Dinner. Mashed potatoes and carrots (250 g), croutons, 110 g steamed meatballs, buckwheat porridge (200 g), compote.
- Snack. 110 g steamed protein omelette.
- Dinner. Steamed fish rolls (250 g), tea.
- Night. A glass of yogurt.
- Breakfast. Oatmeal (300 g), meaty souffle (110 g), tea.
- Lunch. Cottage cheese (100 g).
- Dinner. Grated oat soup (250 g), steamed meat slices (110 g) with carrots and mashed potatoes (200 g) and milk sauce, baked apples.
- Snack. Protein omelette.
- Dinner. Meatloaf (110 g) with milk sauce and carrot puree (150 g), tea.
- Night. A glass of kefir.
For convenience, authorized products may be combined or interchanged. Then your weekly menu will be more varied.